Topic 1: Establishing fair trade laws
Topic 2: Fostering the Rehabilitation of Child Soldiers and their reintegration into society
The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Committee focuses on annually assessing the progress in achieving the Internationally Agreed Development Goals (IADGs) and biennial enhancement the coherence and effectiveness of activities of different development partners. ECOSOC furthermore coordinates the work of 14 UN specialised agencies, ten functional commissions and five regional commissions. Moreover it receives reports from nine UN funds and programmes and issues policy recommendations to the UN system and to member states.
Under the UN Charter, ECOSOC is responsible for higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems; facilitating international, cultural and educational cooperation; and encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. ECOSOC’s purview extends over 70 percent of the human and financial resources of the entire UN system.
ECOSOC was established by the UN Charter in 1945, which was amended in 1965 and 1974 to increase the number of members from 18 to 54. ECOSOC membership is based on geographic representation: 14 seats are allocated to Africa, 11 to Asia, 6 to eastern Europe, 10 to Latin America and the Caribbean, and 13 to western Europe and other areas. Members are elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly. Four of the five permanent members of the Security Council have been continuously reelected because they provide funding for most of ECOSOC’s budget, which is the largest of any UN subsidiary body. Decisions are taken by simple majority vote. The presidency of ECOSOC changes annually.